Custom GridView in android. A simple example.

By | February 29, 2012

Hello all………..

Android has been absoultely wonderful for customizing widgets. I have shown a lot of example to customize ListViews, spinners etc.
Today I will show you how to customize gridviews.
Using this method you can actually place anything inside a gridview even a webview also.

So here we start.
We customize a gridview by creating an adapter that extends “BaseAdapter”.
This is the class that extends “BaseAdapter” and create a customAdapter.

 public class MyAdapter extends BaseAdapter {

    	private Context mContext;

		public MyAdapter(Context c) {
			mContext = c;
		}

		@Override
		public int getCount() {
			return mThumbIds.length;
		}

		@Override
		public Object getItem(int arg0) {
			return mThumbIds[arg0];
		}

		@Override
		public long getItemId(int arg0) {
			return arg0;
		}

		@Override
		public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {

			View grid;

			if(convertView==null){
				grid = new View(mContext);
				LayoutInflater inflater=getLayoutInflater();
				grid=inflater.inflate(R.layout.mygrid_layout, parent, false);
			}else{
				grid = (View)convertView;
			}

			ImageView imageView = (ImageView)grid.findViewById(R.id.image);
			imageView.setImageResource(mThumbIds[position]);

			return grid;
		}

	}

Acually we can provide any custom layout for the view inside the gridview that is for each cell.

The xml I am using here is “mygrid_layout.xml” which looks like this.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
	xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
	android:layout_width="fill_parent"
	android:layout_height="wrap_content"
	android:background="@drawable/customshape_header"
	android:orientation="vertical">
	<ImageView
		android:id="@+id/image"
		android:layout_width="fill_parent"
		android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>
</LinearLayout>

This is the custom shape header class which is used for styling which is saved in res/drawable folder.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <corners android:radius="5dp" />
    <solid android:color="#660033"/>
    <stroke
        android:width="1dip"
        android:color="#C0C0C0" />
</shape>

Now the full source code for implementing this class.

package com.coderzheaven.pack;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.GridView;
import android.widget.ImageView;

public class CustomGridViewExample extends Activity {

	private Integer[] mThumbIds = {
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			R.drawable.android_2,
			};


	/** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        GridView gridview = (GridView) findViewById(R.id.gridview);
        gridview.setAdapter(new MyAdapter(this));
        gridview.setNumColumns(4);
    }

  public class MyAdapter extends BaseAdapter {

    	private Context mContext;

		public MyAdapter(Context c) {
			mContext = c;
		}

		@Override
		public int getCount() {
			return mThumbIds.length;
		}

		@Override
		public Object getItem(int arg0) {
			return mThumbIds[arg0];
		}

		@Override
		public long getItemId(int arg0) {
			return arg0;
		}

		@Override
		public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {

			View grid;

			if(convertView==null){
				grid = new View(mContext);
				LayoutInflater inflater=getLayoutInflater();
				grid=inflater.inflate(R.layout.mygrid_layout, parent, false);
			}else{
				grid = (View)convertView;
			}

			ImageView imageView = (ImageView)grid.findViewById(R.id.image);
			imageView.setImageResource(mThumbIds[position]);

			return grid;
		}
	}
}

Here is the main.xml file

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    >
<TextView
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="@string/hello"
    android:padding="10dp"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:textStyle="bold"
    />

<GridView
	android:id="@+id/gridview"
	android:layout_width="fill_parent"
	android:layout_height="fill_parent"
	android:numColumns="auto_fit"
	android:verticalSpacing="10dp"
	android:horizontalSpacing="10dp"
	android:stretchMode="columnWidth"
	android:gravity="center"
	android:scrollbars="none" />
</LinearLayout>
Custom GridView in Android

Custom GridView in Android

You can download the complete source code from here.

One thought on “Custom GridView in android. A simple example.

  1. Pavan Deshpande

    Thats very good and simple example indeed it helps in understanding the concept of gridview layout laying it’s child views.

    Reply

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