FlipCard animation using Fragments in Android.

By | August 17, 2013

Hello all

I am back with fragments again. I know you have seen a lot of posts on fragments and fragment animation.

This one will be another useful post for you.

This post helps you to show a FlipCard animation using Fragments.

Let us see how can we do this.

At first I will show the activity that I am using to create Animation which contain two fragments for Front and Back Page.

CardFlipActivity.java


package com.example.cardflipanimation;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.Fragment;
import android.app.FragmentManager;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.support.v4.app.NavUtils;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;

public class CardFlipActivity extends Activity implements
		FragmentManager.OnBackStackChangedListener {
	/**
	 * A handler object, used for deferring UI operations.
	 */
	private Handler mHandler = new Handler();

	/**
	 * Whether or not we're showing the back of the card (otherwise showing the
	 * front).
	 */
	private boolean mShowingBack = false;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_card_flip);

		if (savedInstanceState == null) {
			// If there is no saved instance state, add a fragment representing
			// the
			// front of the card to this activity. If there is saved instance
			// state,
			// this fragment will have already been added to the activity.
			getFragmentManager().beginTransaction()
					.add(R.id.container, new CardFrontFragment()).commit();
		} else {
			mShowingBack = (getFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount() > 0);
		}

		// Monitor back stack changes to ensure the action bar shows the
		// appropriate
		// button (either "photo" or "info").
		getFragmentManager().addOnBackStackChangedListener(this);
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);

		// Add either a "photo" or "finish" button to the action bar, depending
		// on which page
		// is currently selected.
		MenuItem item = menu.add(Menu.NONE, R.id.action_flip, Menu.NONE,
				mShowingBack ? R.string.action_photo : R.string.action_info);
		item.setIcon(mShowingBack ? R.drawable.ic_action_photo
				: R.drawable.ic_action_info);
		item.setShowAsAction(MenuItem.SHOW_AS_ACTION_IF_ROOM);
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
		switch (item.getItemId()) {
		case android.R.id.home:
			// Navigate "up" the demo structure to the launchpad activity.
			// See http://developer.android.com/design/patterns/navigation.html
			// for more.
			NavUtils.navigateUpTo(this,
					new Intent(this, CardFlipActivity.class));
			return true;

		case R.id.action_flip:
			flipCard();
			return true;
		}

		return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
	}

	private void flipCard() {
		if (mShowingBack) {
			getFragmentManager().popBackStack();
			return;
		}

		// Flip to the back.

		mShowingBack = true;

		// Create and commit a new fragment transaction that adds the fragment
		// for the back of
		// the card, uses custom animations, and is part of the fragment
		// manager's back stack.

		getFragmentManager().beginTransaction()

		// Replace the default fragment animations with animator resources
		// representing
		// rotations when switching to the back of the card, as well as animator
		// resources representing rotations when flipping back to the front
		// (e.g. when
		// the system Back button is pressed).
				.setCustomAnimations(R.animator.card_flip_right_in,
						R.animator.card_flip_right_out,
						R.animator.card_flip_left_in,
						R.animator.card_flip_left_out)

				// Replace any fragments currently in the container view with a
				// fragment
				// representing the next page (indicated by the just-incremented
				// currentPage
				// variable).
				.replace(R.id.container, new CardBackFragment())

				// Add this transaction to the back stack, allowing users to
				// press Back
				// to get to the front of the card.
				.addToBackStack(null)

				// Commit the transaction.
				.commit();

		// Defer an invalidation of the options menu (on modern devices, the
		// action bar). This
		// can't be done immediately because the transaction may not yet be
		// committed. Commits
		// are asynchronous in that they are posted to the main thread's message
		// loop.
		mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
			@Override
			public void run() {
				invalidateOptionsMenu();
			}
		});
	}

	@Override
	public void onBackStackChanged() {
		mShowingBack = (getFragmentManager().getBackStackEntryCount() > 0);

		// When the back stack changes, invalidate the options menu (action
		// bar).
		invalidateOptionsMenu();
	}

	/**
	 * A fragment representing the front of the card.
	 */
	public static class CardFrontFragment extends Fragment {
		public CardFrontFragment() {
		}

		@Override
		public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
				Bundle savedInstanceState) {
			return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_card_front, container,
					false);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * A fragment representing the back of the card.
	 */
	public static class CardBackFragment extends Fragment {
		public CardBackFragment() {
		}

		@Override
		public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
				Bundle savedInstanceState) {
			return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_card_back, container,
					false);
		}
	}
}

Now the animations.
For that you have to create 4 xml animation files in the res/animator folder.

card_flip_left_in.xml
card_flip_left_out.xml
card_flip_right_in.xml
card_flip_right_out.xml

I will be listing these files in this order.

<set xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <!-- Before rotating, immediately set the alpha to 0. -->
    <objectAnimator
        android:valueFrom="1.0"
        android:valueTo="0.0"
        android:propertyName="alpha"
        android:duration="0" />

    <!-- Rotate. -->
    <objectAnimator
        android:valueFrom="-180"
        android:valueTo="0"
        android:propertyName="rotationY"
        android:interpolator="@android:interpolator/accelerate_decelerate"
        android:duration="@integer/card_flip_time_full" />

    <!-- Half-way through the rotation (see startOffset), set the alpha to 1. -->
    <objectAnimator
        android:valueFrom="0.0"
        android:valueTo="1.0"
        android:propertyName="alpha"
        android:startOffset="@integer/card_flip_time_half"
        android:duration="1" />
</set>

<set xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <!-- Rotate. -->
    <objectAnimator android:valueFrom="0"
        android:valueTo="180"
        android:propertyName="rotationY"
        android:interpolator="@android:interpolator/accelerate_decelerate"
        android:duration="@integer/card_flip_time_full"></objectAnimator>

    <!-- Half-way through the rotation (see startOffset), set the alpha to 0. -->
    <objectAnimator android:valueFrom="1.0"
        android:valueTo="0.0"
        android:propertyName="alpha"
        android:startOffset="@integer/card_flip_time_half"
        android:duration="1"></objectAnimator>
</set>
<set xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <!-- Before rotating, immediately set the alpha to 0. -->
    <objectAnimator
        android:valueFrom="1.0"
        android:valueTo="0.0"
        android:propertyName="alpha"
        android:duration="0" />

    <!-- Rotate. -->
    <objectAnimator
        android:valueFrom="180"
        android:valueTo="0"
        android:propertyName="rotationY"
        android:interpolator="@android:interpolator/accelerate_decelerate"
        android:duration="@integer/card_flip_time_full" />

    <!-- Half-way through the rotation (see startOffset), set the alpha to 1. -->
    <objectAnimator
        android:valueFrom="0.0"
        android:valueTo="1.0"
        android:propertyName="alpha"
        android:startOffset="@integer/card_flip_time_half"
        android:duration="1" />
</set>

<set xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <!-- Rotate. -->
    <objectAnimator
        android:valueFrom="0"
        android:valueTo="-180"
        android:propertyName="rotationY"
        android:interpolator="@android:interpolator/accelerate_decelerate"
        android:duration="@integer/card_flip_time_full" />

    <!-- Half-way through the rotation (see startOffset), set the alpha to 0. -->
    <objectAnimator
        android:valueFrom="1.0"
        android:valueTo="0.0"
        android:propertyName="alpha"
        android:startOffset="@integer/card_flip_time_half"
        android:duration="1" />
</set>

Inside the drawable folder put these images.

ic_action_info.png
ic_action_photo.png
image1.png

Put these inside the ids.xml folder inside the res/values folder.

    <item type="id" name="action_next" />
    <item type="id" name="action_flip" />

strings.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>

    <string name="app_name">CardFlipAnimation</string>
    <string name="hello_world">Hello world!</string>
    <string name="menu_settings">Settings</string>
    <string name="action_info">Photo info</string>
    <string name="action_photo">View photo</string>

</resources>

And also integers.xml

<resources>
    <integer name="card_flip_time_full">300</integer>
    <integer name="card_flip_time_half">150</integer>
</resources>

Download the complete android source code from here.

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