Delegates in iOS – A Simple Example

By | October 26, 2014

Hi All,

Today I am going to talk about iOS Delagates.
This example shows how to write a common delegate for a mail composer in iOS.

First I am going to crate a seperate class for invoking the MailComposer Modal view controller.
The class is named “Common”.

So Create .m and .h files for Common.


#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import <MessageUI/MessageUI.h>

@interface Common : NSObject{
    MFMailComposeViewController *mailComposer;

@property (nonatomic, weak) id <MFMailComposeViewControllerDelegate> delegate;

-(void)sendMail:(UIViewController *) cont : (NSString *) mailSubject : (NSString *) mailBody;

-(void) setDelegate:(id <MFMailComposeViewControllerDelegate>)aDelegate;


Now Go to Common.m and implement the methods.

#import "Common.h"

@implementation Common

@synthesize delegate;

-(void)sendMail:(UIViewController *) cont :(NSString *) mailSubject : (NSString *) mailBody{
    mailComposer = [[MFMailComposeViewController alloc]init];
    [mailComposer setSubject:mailSubject];
    mailComposer.mailComposeDelegate = delegate;
    [mailComposer setMessageBody:mailBody isHTML:NO];
    [cont presentViewController:mailComposer animated:YES completion:nil];

-(void) setDelegate:(id <MFMailComposeViewControllerDelegate>)aDelegate{
    if (delegate != aDelegate) {
        delegate = aDelegate;        


Now Go to ViewController.h

We don’t need any declarations inside this class, just need to add the delegate

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>
#import <MessageUI/MessageUI.h>

@interface ViewController : UIViewController<MFMailComposeViewControllerDelegate>

Now in the implementation class


#import "ViewController.h"
#import "Common.h"

@interface ViewController ()


@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad

    Common *com = [Common new];
    [com setDelegate:self];   // Setting the Mail Composer delegate
    [com sendMail:self :@"Mail Subject" :@"Mail Body"];

#pragma mark - mail compose delegate
-(void)mailComposeController:(MFMailComposeViewController *)controller
         didFinishWithResult:(MFMailComposeResult)result error:(NSError *)error{
    if (result) {
        NSLog(@"Result : %d",result);
    if (error) {
        NSLog(@"Error : %@",error);
    [self dismissViewControllerAnimated:YES completion:nil];

Ok. Now our MailComposer Delegate is implemented. Go on and run the application.

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