How to store an Image from Android to a SQlite and retrieve it?

Hello all…

In today’s post I will show you how to store an image in an SQLite database and retrieve it.

Check out the output after running the program.

Image in SQLite DB

Image in SQLite DB

Image in SQLite DB

Image in SQLite DB

Image in SQLite DB

Image in SQLite DB

Image in SQLite DB

This is the layout for the MainActivity.

<ScrollView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical" >

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/get_image"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_above="@+id/textView1"
            android:layout_alignRight="@+id/textView1"
            android:text="Get Image" />

        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/imageView1"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_above="@+id/button1"
            android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/button1"
            android:src="@drawable/ic_action_search"
            android:visibility="gone" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/save_image"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_above="@+id/textView1"
            android:layout_alignRight="@+id/textView1"
            android:text="Save Image in DB" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/read_image"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_above="@+id/textView1"
            android:layout_alignRight="@+id/textView1"
            android:text="Read Image from DB" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/textView1"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
            android:layout_centerVertical="true"
            tools:context=".MainActivity" />

        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/imageView2"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_above="@+id/button1"
            android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/button1"
            android:layout_marginBottom="40dp"
            android:src="@drawable/ic_action_search" />
    </LinearLayout>

</ScrollView>

Now the code for the Activity.

MainActivity.java

package com.coderzheaven.saveimageindb;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.provider.MediaStore;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener {
	protected static TextView textView;
	protected static ImageView image1, image2;
	protected Button get_image, save_image, read_image;
	private String selectedImagePath;
	private static final int SELECT_PICTURE = 1;
	String DB_NAME = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/test.db";
	String TABLE_NAME = "mytable";

	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

		image1 = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView1);
		image2 = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView2);
		textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textView1);

		get_image = (Button) findViewById(R.id.get_image);
		get_image.setOnClickListener(this);

		save_image = (Button) findViewById(R.id.save_image);
		save_image.setOnClickListener(this);

		read_image = (Button) findViewById(R.id.read_image);
		read_image.setOnClickListener(this);

	}

	public void onClick(View v) {

		int id = v.getId();
		switch (id) {

		case R.id.get_image:
			Intent intent = new Intent();
			intent.setType("image/*");
			intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
			startActivityForResult(
					Intent.createChooser(intent, "Select Picture"),
					SELECT_PICTURE);
			break;

		case R.id.save_image:
			createTable();
			saveInDB();
			break;

		case R.id.read_image:
			readFromDB();
			break;
		default:
			break;

		}
	}

	public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
		if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {
			if (requestCode == SELECT_PICTURE) {
				Uri selectedImageUri = data.getData();
				selectedImagePath = getPath(selectedImageUri);
				System.out.println("Image Path : " + selectedImagePath);
				image1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
				image1.setImageURI(selectedImageUri);
			}
		}
	}

	@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
	public String getPath(Uri uri) {
		String[] projection = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };
		Cursor cursor = managedQuery(uri, projection, null, null, null);
		int column_index = cursor
				.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
		cursor.moveToFirst();
		return cursor.getString(column_index);
	}

	void createTable() {
		SQLiteDatabase myDb = openOrCreateDatabase(DB_NAME,
				Context.MODE_PRIVATE, null);
		String MySQL = "create table if not exists "
				+ TABLE_NAME
				+ " (_id INTEGER primary key autoincrement, name TEXT not null, image BLOB);";
		myDb.execSQL(MySQL);
		myDb.close();
	}

	void saveInDB() {
		SQLiteDatabase myDb = openOrCreateDatabase(DB_NAME,
				Context.MODE_PRIVATE, null);
		byte[] byteImage1 = null;
		String s = myDb.getPath();

		myDb.execSQL("delete from " + TABLE_NAME); 			// clearing the table
		ContentValues newValues = new ContentValues();
		String name = "CoderzHeaven";
		newValues.put("name", name);
		try {
			FileInputStream instream = new FileInputStream(selectedImagePath);
			BufferedInputStream bif = new BufferedInputStream(instream);
			byteImage1 = new byte[bif.available()];
			bif.read(byteImage1);
			newValues.put("image", byteImage1);
			long ret = myDb.insert(TABLE_NAME, null, newValues);
			if (ret < 0)
				textView.append("Error");
		} catch (IOException e) {
			textView.append("Error Exception : " + e.getMessage());
		}
		myDb.close();
		textView.append("\n Saving Details \n Name : " + name);
		textView.append("\n Image Size : " + byteImage1.length + " KB");
		textView.append("\n Saved in DB : " + s + "\n");
		Toast.makeText(this.getBaseContext(),
				"Image Saved in DB successfully.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
	}

	void readFromDB() {
		byte[] byteImage2 = null;
		SQLiteDatabase myDb;
		myDb = openOrCreateDatabase(DB_NAME, Context.MODE_PRIVATE, null);
		Cursor cur = myDb.query(TABLE_NAME, null, null, null, null, null, null);
		cur.moveToFirst();
		while (cur.isAfterLast() == false) {
			textView.append("\n Reading Details \n Name : " + cur.getString(1));
			cur.moveToNext();
		}

		// /////Read data from blob field////////////////////
		cur.moveToFirst();
		byteImage2 = cur.getBlob(cur.getColumnIndex("image"));
		setImage(byteImage2);
		cur.close();
		myDb.close();
		Toast.makeText(this.getBaseContext(),
				"Image read from DB successfully.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
		Toast.makeText(this.getBaseContext(),
				"If your image is big, please scrolldown to see the result.",
				Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
	}

	void setImage(byte[] byteImage2) {
		image2.setImageBitmap(BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(byteImage2, 0,
				byteImage2.length));
		textView.append("\n Image Size : " + byteImage2.length + " KB");
	}

}

Please leave your valuable comments.

13 thoughts on “How to store an Image from Android to a SQlite and retrieve it?

    1. James Post author

      Sorry Chanchal.. I lost the sample code for this project. I created the post well that you just need to copy the post and it will work.

      Reply
  1. Jannik Weiß

    Hello,

    the Programm works perfect until i press the “Store to Database” Button!
    Then the error “Failed to open Database /storage/sdcard0/test.db” occures!
    Can you help me? :)

    Jannik

    Reply
    1. James Post author

      You can just store image in the SDCARD or the application sandbox and save the image path in the SQLite database.

      Reply
  2. Waheed

    Im facing errors in XML file
    android:src=”@drawable/ic_action_search”
    please make a quick reply Thanks

    Reply
  3. Jorge Prestige

    Deben crear una base de datos con cualquier manejador de achivos de sqlitemanager insertarla en sdcard0
    test.db and

    Reply
  4. George

    Hi,
    I am getting an error when I press save image in DB after getting image perfectly.
    Below is my log
    10-09 23:31:02.799: E/SQLiteLog(25806): (14) cannot open file at line 30192 of [00bb9c9ce4]
    10-09 23:31:02.809: E/SQLiteLog(25806): (14) os_unix.c:30192: (2) open(/storage/emulated/0/test.db) –
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): Failed to open database ‘/storage/emulated/0/test.db’.
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): android.database.sqlite.SQLiteCantOpenDatabaseException: unknown error (code 14): Could not open database
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.nativeOpen(Native Method)
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.open(SQLiteConnection.java:209)
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnection.open(SQLiteConnection.java:193)
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.openConnectionLocked(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:463)
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.open(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:185)
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteConnectionPool.open(SQLiteConnectionPool.java:177)
    10-09 23:31:02.869: E/SQLiteDatabase(25806): at android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.openInner(SQLiteDatabase.java:804)

    Reply

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