How to store an Image from Android to a SQlite and retrieve it?

By | December 23, 2012

Hello all…

In today’s post I will show you how to store an image in an SQLite database and retrieve it.

Check out the output after running the program.

If you want to see the SQLite DB in Eclipse you can check this post…
http://www.coderzheaven.com/2011/04/18/sqlitemanager-plugin-for-eclipse/

 

Image in SQLite DB

 

This is the layout for the MainActivity.

<ScrollView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" android:orientation="vertical" >

    <LinearLayout android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" android:orientation="vertical" >

        <Button android:id="@+id/get_image" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_above="@+id/textView1" android:layout_alignRight="@+id/textView1" android:text="Get Image" />

        <ImageView android:id="@+id/imageView1" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_above="@+id/button1" android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/button1" android:src="@drawable/ic_action_search" android:visibility="gone" />

        <Button android:id="@+id/save_image" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_above="@+id/textView1" android:layout_alignRight="@+id/textView1" android:text="Save Image in DB" />

        <Button android:id="@+id/read_image" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_above="@+id/textView1" android:layout_alignRight="@+id/textView1" android:text="Read Image from DB" />

        <TextView android:id="@+id/textView1" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" android:layout_centerVertical="true" tools:context=".MainActivity" />

        <ImageView android:id="@+id/imageView2" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_above="@+id/button1" android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/button1" android:layout_marginBottom="40dp" android:src="@drawable/ic_action_search" />
    </LinearLayout>

</ScrollView>

Now the code for the Activity.

MainActivity.java


package com.coderzheaven.saveimageindb;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.provider.MediaStore;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener {
	protected static TextView textView;
	protected static ImageView image1, image2;
	protected Button get_image, save_image, read_image;
	private String selectedImagePath;
	private static final int SELECT_PICTURE = 1;
	String DB_NAME = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/test.db";
	String TABLE_NAME = "mytable";

	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

		image1 = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView1);
		image2 = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.imageView2);
		textView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textView1);

		get_image = (Button) findViewById(R.id.get_image);
		get_image.setOnClickListener(this);

		save_image = (Button) findViewById(R.id.save_image);
		save_image.setOnClickListener(this);

		read_image = (Button) findViewById(R.id.read_image);
		read_image.setOnClickListener(this);

	}

	public void onClick(View v) {

		int id = v.getId();
		switch (id) {

		case R.id.get_image:
			Intent intent = new Intent();
			intent.setType("image/*");
			intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
			startActivityForResult(
					Intent.createChooser(intent, "Select Picture"),
					SELECT_PICTURE);
			break;

		case R.id.save_image:
			createTable();
			saveInDB();
			break;

		case R.id.read_image:
			readFromDB();
			break;
		default:
			break;

		}
	}

	public void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
		if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {
			if (requestCode == SELECT_PICTURE) {
				Uri selectedImageUri = data.getData();
				selectedImagePath = getPath(selectedImageUri);
				System.out.println("Image Path : " + selectedImagePath);
				image1.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
				image1.setImageURI(selectedImageUri);
			}
		}
	}

	@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
	public String getPath(Uri uri) {
		String[] projection = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };
		Cursor cursor = managedQuery(uri, projection, null, null, null);
		int column_index = cursor
				.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
		cursor.moveToFirst();
		return cursor.getString(column_index);
	}

	void createTable() {
		SQLiteDatabase myDb = openOrCreateDatabase(DB_NAME,
				Context.MODE_PRIVATE, null);
		String MySQL = "create table if not exists "
				+ TABLE_NAME
				+ " (_id INTEGER primary key autoincrement, name TEXT not null, image BLOB);";
		myDb.execSQL(MySQL);
		myDb.close();
	}

	void saveInDB() {
		SQLiteDatabase myDb = openOrCreateDatabase(DB_NAME,
				Context.MODE_PRIVATE, null);
		byte[] byteImage1 = null;
		String s = myDb.getPath();
		myDb.execSQL("delete from " + TABLE_NAME); 			// clearing the table
		ContentValues newValues = new ContentValues();
		String name = "CoderzHeaven";
		newValues.put("name", name);
		try {
			FileInputStream instream = new FileInputStream(selectedImagePath);
			BufferedInputStream bif = new BufferedInputStream(instream);
			byteImage1 = new byte[bif.available()];
			bif.read(byteImage1);
			newValues.put("image", byteImage1);
			long ret = myDb.insert(TABLE_NAME, null, newValues);
			if (ret < 0)
				textView.append("Error");
		} catch (IOException e) {
			textView.append("Error Exception : " + e.getMessage());
		}
		myDb.close();
		textView.append("\n Saving Details \n Name : " + name);
		textView.append("\n Image Size : " + byteImage1.length + " KB");
		textView.append("\n Saved in DB : " + s + "\n");
		Toast.makeText(this.getBaseContext(),
				"Image Saved in DB successfully.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
	}

	void readFromDB() {
		byte[] byteImage2 = null;
		SQLiteDatabase myDb;
		myDb = openOrCreateDatabase(DB_NAME, Context.MODE_PRIVATE, null);
		Cursor cur = myDb.query(TABLE_NAME, null, null, null, null, null, null);
		cur.moveToFirst();
		while (cur.isAfterLast() == false) {
			textView.append("\n Reading Details \n Name : " + cur.getString(1));
			cur.moveToNext();
		}

		// /////Read data from blob field////////////////////
		cur.moveToFirst();
		byteImage2 = cur.getBlob(cur.getColumnIndex("image"));
		setImage(byteImage2);
		cur.close();
		myDb.close();
		Toast.makeText(this.getBaseContext(),
				"Image read from DB successfully.", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
		Toast.makeText(this.getBaseContext(),
				"If your image is big, please scrolldown to see the result.",
				Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
	}

	void setImage(byte[] byteImage2) {
		image2.setImageBitmap(BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(byteImage2, 0,
				byteImage2.length));
		textView.append("\n Image Size : " + byteImage2.length + " KB");
	}

}

Please leave your valuable comments.

 

 

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